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Article 370 of the Indian Constitution had been a topic of heated debate and deliberation for decades. Its abrogation in 2019 by the government was a landmark event that significantly impacted the constitutional landscape of the country.

Understanding Article 370

Article 370 granted a special status to the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, conferring it with a degree of autonomy. It allowed the state to have its constitution, a separate flag, and autonomy over internal matters except for defense, communications, and foreign affairs.

However, on August 5, 2019, the Indian government, through a presidential order, revoked Article 370, thereby revoking the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. This decision led to the bifurcation of the state into two union territories - Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.

Constitutional Monism

The ruling on Article 370 raised discussions around the concept of Constitutional Monism. Constitutional Monism signifies that there exists only one supreme legal system within the country's territory. It emphasizes that the national constitution is the highest legal norm and prevails uniformly across all regions.

By abrogating Article 370, the Indian government moved towards a more centralized structure, affirming the supremacy of the Indian Constitution throughout the nation, thereby aligning with the principles of Constitutional Monism.

Impact and Perspectives

The decision's impact has been multi-faceted. It brought about significant changes in the socio-political dynamics of Jammu and Kashmir, leading to debates on security, governance, and integration. Additionally, it paved the way for greater national integration and paved the way for development in the region.

From a UPSC perspective, this ruling and its subsequent implications are crucial topics for aspirants. It covers aspects of Indian polity, constitutional amendments, federalism, and the socio-political context of the nation.


Article 370's abrogation and the subsequent developments have undoubtedly altered the constitutional landscape of India. The move towards Constitutional Monism has its implications, which will continue to be analyzed, debated, and studied in the years to come.

It remains a significant part of the nation's constitutional history and opens avenues for broader discussions on federalism, governance, and the evolving nature of the Indian Constitution.