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The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is an important indicator that measures and tracks the hunger situation worldwide. It provides valuable insights into the progress made in combating hunger and malnutrition in various countries around the globe. In this article, we will focus on the GHI report for the year 2023, specifically analyzing the hunger situation in India from the UPSC point of view.

GHI 2023 Report - Key Insights

The GHI 2023 report highlights the status of hunger and malnutrition in India as compared to other nations, considering factors such as undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality rates. The data allows policymakers and stakeholders to identify areas of improvement and take appropriate actions to address the challenges.

Hunger Situation in India

According to the GHI 2023 report, India has shown significant progress in reducing hunger and improving nutrition outcomes over the years. However, it still faces significant challenges in ensuring food security and reducing malnutrition rates.

The undernourishment rate in India has decreased from X% in the previous report to Y% in 2023. This indicates positive efforts in increasing access to nutritious food and reducing the prevalence of hunger. However, it is crucial to continue these efforts to sustain the progress made.

Child wasting remains a concern in India, with the GHI 2023 report indicating a rate of Z%. Child wasting refers to the proportion of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height, typically resulting from acute malnutrition. This highlights the need for targeted interventions to address the underlying causes of child wasting and improve nutritional outcomes for children.

Child stunting, which reflects long-term chronic malnutrition, is also a pressing issue in India. The GHI 2023 report shows a stunting rate of A%, indicating the need for comprehensive strategies to tackle this problem effectively. Improving maternal and child health, promoting access to quality healthcare, and addressing socio-economic factors can contribute to reducing child stunting rates in the country.

Furthermore, the child mortality rate, influenced by malnutrition and related diseases, continues to be a challenge. The GHI 2023 report highlights a child mortality rate of B% in India. This emphasizes the importance of strengthening healthcare systems, improving sanitation and hygiene practices, and implementing effective nutrition programs to reduce child mortality and enhance overall well-being.


The data presented in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023 report for India provides valuable insights into the current hunger situation and challenges faced by the country. From the UPSC point of view, this information is crucial for policymakers, administrators, and aspirants to understand the complexities associated with hunger and malnutrition and work towards implementing effective solutions. It is essential for India to continue its efforts in improving food security, enhancing nutrition interventions, and addressing socio-economic factors to ensure a hunger-free future for its citizens.